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WILLIAM M. "BOSS" TWEED - DOCUMENT DOUBLE SIGNED 03/31/1866 - DOCUMENT 251452

Receipt Signed: “W M Tweed” as Street Commissioner and again “William M. Tweed” in duplicate, 8½x7. New York, Dated March 31, 1866 on front. Requisition for funds from the City of New York. Voucher #8. Funds for "Salaries Street Department" designated payment of those employed by the "Street Comp. Office". Request is for $625.00. William "Boss" Tweed (1823-1878) is remembered as one of the most notoriously corrupt politicians in American history. At the height of his power, Tweed held a number of different businesses across different sectors, huge swathes of land in New York City and throughout the state of New York, and served as a New York State Senator. The initial avenue of his power was Tammany Hall, a political organization in New York City that catapulted Irish-American immigrants into state politics. By 1868, Boss Tweed had gained absolute power over Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party of New York City, and the city itself. By gaining control of the New York City Board of Audit and ensuring that all members were his Tammany Hall "fellows", he overpaid contractors and then pocketed the money. The Tweed Ring swindled the city treasury of $30 million to $200 million through this method and many others in preceding years. He controlled all party nominations and patronage. In 1870, Tweed was exposed in Harper's Weekly with iconic cartoons by Thomas Nast. He was convicted in 1873 and imprisoned. Upon his release in 1875, Tweed was arrested in a civil action, but he escaped and fled to Spain. Extradited in 1876, Tweed was brought back to New York, where he died in jail in 1878. Hole punched at upper left-hand corner. Heavily toned, especially at edges. Corners and edges worn, especially along the right-hand side. Horizontal fold, not at signature. ½-inch tears at fold along both edges. Otherwise, fine condition.

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